Today in our country one of those holidays is celebrated, which emphasizes the role of the people in the war of liberation unleashed by the enemy against the Russian (Soviet) statehood. We are talking about such a holiday as the Day of Partisans and the underground.
This is a relative new date in the calendar of military holidays. It appeared in 2009 on the basis of the presidential decree “On Amending Article 1-1 of the Federal Law” On the Days of Military Glory and the Memorable Dates of Russia “. It was this change in the Federal Law that gave the Day to the partisans and underground members who made a huge contribution to the cause of the Victory both in the Great Patriotic War and in the Patriotic War of 1812, the official status.
The official entry into force of the law occurred on January 1, 2010.
Day of partisans and underground workers in Russia is celebrated for the seventh time. Solemn and memorable events primarily take place in those regions of Russia in which the guerrilla movement was most developed, and in territories of which, at one time, occupied by the enemy. This Bryansk, Smolensk, Kursk regions, other regions of the country.
Representatives of delegations from not only from other regions, territories and republics of the country, but also from Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine gather in the Bryansk region today to recall the invaluable feat carried out by the partisan movement and the entire Soviet people.
Why is the Day of the partisans and underground members celebrated in our country on June 29? The reason is that on this day 75 years ago the directive of the Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR and the Central Committee of the CPSU (B.) Came out. In this directive it was prescribed to create partisan detachments, which will fight in the enemy in the territories that they occupied. From the text of the directive (f. 4, op. 11, d. 68):
In areas occupied by the enemy, to create partisan detachments and sabotage groups to fight the enemy army units (…) to create unbearable conditions for the enemy and all his accomplices, to pursue and destroy them at every turn, to disrupt all their activities.
The directive defined the main tasks of the partisan movement: the destruction of the enemy’s rear, the destruction of its headquarters and other military institutions, the destruction of railways and bridges, the arson and explosion of warehouses and barracks, the destruction of the enemy’s manpower, the capture or destruction of representatives of the German authorities....